First, it’s spelled parcours. And it’s masculine, so parcours scolaire et professionnel. It means what you studied at school and what jobs you had. Literally, what route you followed in school and in your career.
If expressions such as this give you trouble, it indicates that you aren’t fluent in French. So ask to hold most of the interview in English. The interviewer will sense this anyway; either fluency in French is necessary for the job and you won’t get it, or it’s not and there’s no need to require it during the interview.
In short, parcours scolaire et professionnel means “academic and professional experience”.