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What is the capital of Tunisia?

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What is the capital of Tunisia?

Is there any reason behind the spelling of “expresso” in French?

I believe it’s an anglicism because we use the word “express“.

De l’italien espresso (extrait par pression ou très vite, express) – http://fr.wiktionary.org/wiki/expresso

Actually, according to wikipedia:en, expresso is used in English, too.

Their notice is quite obivious, here it is.

The origin of the term “espresso” is the subject of considerable debate. Although some Anglo-American dictionaries simply refer to “pressed-out”, “espresso,” much like the English word “express”, conveys the senses of “just for you” and “quickly,” which can be related to the method of espresso preparation.


Many Latin European countries, such as France, use the expresso form. In the United States and Canada, the spelling espresso is widely considered correct while expresso appears as a less common variant or misspelling. Italy uses the term espresso, substituting most x letters in Latin root words with s; x is not considered part of the standard Italian alphabet.

Voici ce que l’on trouve sous expresso dans le Petit Robert de la langue française en ligne (accès par abonnement) :

expresso [ɛkspʀeso] nom masculin
étym. 1968 ◊ italien espresso avec influence de 2. express

❖ Café express. « la machine à expressos dont l’eau sous pression s’échapperait » (J. Almira). ➙ percolateur.

Regardons ce qui se trouve sous l’entrée 2. express :

2- express [ɛkspʀɛs] adjectif et nom masculin
étym. 1957 ◊ de l’italien (caffè) espresso, d’après l’anglais

❖ 1. Café express, fait à la vapeur, à l’aide d’un percolateur.

❖ 2. N. m. plus cour. Café préparé de cette manière. ➙ expresso. Boire deux express. Un express serré.

Il semble qu’un “café express” ait été employé avant “expresso”, ce qui ne semble avoir laissé aucune chance à la graphie italienne pour s’imposer, même s’il semble y avoir eu un effort.


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What is the capital of Tunisia?